What's New On The Site
This page is a chronological listing of updates to the web site,
from 1998 through the present.
This page lists, in reverse chronological order, updates to the web site. It does not include minor changes
or formatting changes.
11-Jan-2013 Lists, First And Last Elements
This page describes formulas to find the first and last elements in a list of data, and to
find the positions of those elements.
5-Jan-2013 Debugging VBA
This page describes how to use VBA's built in debugging tools.
24-Nov-2012 Last Non-blank cell in row or column.
This page describes formulas you can use to determine the last non-blank cell in a row or column.
This page describes how and why you should always use the Break In Class Module error trapping
26-Oct-2012 Setting Folder Depth
The DirTree add-in and code now has a Depth option that allows
you to specify the maximum depth in a folder hierarchy to list.
20-Oct-2012 Averaging A Range Excluding Values
This page describes formulas and VBA to get the average of a range of numbers, excluding values.
29-Sept-2012 Getting A Filtered List Of Worksheet Names
This page describes VBA code to get a filtered list of worksheet names, either to the worksheet
or to other VBA code.
22-Sept-2012 Getting A List Of Printers
This page describes VBA code that you can use to get an array of printers, each element of the array being the
name of a single printer. You can use this to change the ActivePrinter to a value
selected by the user in a list box or input box.
16-Sept-2012 Ordinal Suffixes
This page illustrates how to add an ordinal suffix to a number, changing, for example, 23 to 23rd.
Both code and formula methods are described.
13-Sept-2012 Passing Arrays Between The Worksheet And VBA
This page describes how to pass arrays between the worksheet and VBA arrays. Properly used, these
techniques can show a significant increase in performance of your VBA application.
17-August-2012 The CELL Function
This page describes how to parse the output of the CELL function in order to retrieve
file, folder, and sheet information.
29-June-2012 Email From VBA
This page describes how to send email from VBA without using Outlook.
6-March-2012 File Descriptions
This page shows how to read the registry to get the ProgID and file description of
a file based on its extension.
4-March-2012 Existing Excel Versions
This page describes the VBA code to read the system registry and determine what versions
of Excel are installed on the local machine.
08-Feb-2012 Setting The Excel Window Icon
This page describes code that you can use to change the icon of the main Excel
application window to your own custom icon.
02-Jan-2012 Exporting to fixed field length files.
This page describes how to export data from a worksheet to a fixed field length text file.
02-Sept-2011 Importing Fixed Field Length files to Excel
This page describes VBA code to import data from a fixed field length file into Excel.
09-July-2011 Pausing Code And Wait For User Input
This page describes several methods for pausing code execution and pausing code to wait for user input to a worksheet cell.
06-June-2011 Returning Workbook And Worksheet Names
This page describes formulas and VBA code for returning the sheet name, file name, full name,
directory name and file extension of a workbook.
28-March-2011 Returning Errors From VBA Functions
This page describes how to return errors from User Defined Functions in VBA.
25-March-2011 Delimited text in worksheet cells.
This page describes worksheet functions for working with delimited text in a worksheet cell.
14-February-2011 Common Functions For Dates.
This page describes worksheet functions for working with dates.
12-February-2011 Functions For Worksheet and Workbook name lists and relative sheet addressing.
This page describes VBA functions to create lists of worksheet or workbook names and relative sheet addressing.
5-February-2011 Removing blank values from a range.
This page describes worksheet functions and VBA code to return only non-blank cells from a range.
31-January-2011 Converting A Row Or Column To A Matrix
This page describes formulas for converting a column or row of data to a matrix.
29-January-2011 Printing Multiple Worksheets
This page provides VBA code for printing multiple worksheets with a single function call.
20-January-2011 Utilities For The ListBox Control
This page provides about 10 functions for working with listboxes.
12-January-2011 An Improvement To The Union Function
The Union method has two problems. First, it errors out if a parameter is Nothing. Second,
it double counts cells in overlapping ranges. This page describes code that fixes these problems.
8-January-2011 Testing For Various Characters In Strings
This page describes a number of array formulas that you can use to test the character content of cells.
10-September-2010 Creating A List Of Enum Value Names
This page describes code to get the list of value names of an enum and put that list into the
Windows clipboard, suitable for inclusion in a Select Case statement
to validate a value that should contain an enum value.
This page describes VBA code to find the last used (non-empty) cell in a worksheet range.
This page describes a VBA function that you can use to create a list of distinct
values in a list of values.
2-August-2010 A Simple Directory Listing
This page describes simple code to create a directory tree listing. While it has far
fewer options than the code at FolderTree.aspx, it is
much easier to adapt to use in your own code.
30-July-2010 Problems When Renaming A Worksheet
This page describes how to prevent problems in VBA code that may arise if a user renames
21-June-2009 Linked List Boxes
This page describes how to link multiple listboxes in a fashion that changing one listbox value
will update "downstream" list boxes.
09-June-2009 Weighted Averages
This page describes weighted averages and formulas to calculate them.
20-April-2010 A Better Alternative To The Split Function
This Split function is very useful, but has two shortcomings: it can't
properly handle quoted string that should not be split apart, and it has problems with consequtive
delimiters between which there is no text. This page describes a VBA function that fixes these problems.
10-April-2010 Tracking Workkbook Open And Close Operations
This page describes VBA event procedures you can use to track when and by whom
a workbook is opened and closed.
8-April-2010 Full File Names In Window Captions
This page describes some event code that you can use to display the full file name, including
drive and path information, in the Excel application window caption and the individual
worksheet window captions.
6-April-2010 Where To Put The Code
This page describes modules, procedures, and snippets and describes where to put and how to use
the code that is found on this web site and in other venues.
18-March-2010 Keeping Focus On The Worksheet
When you display a user form, input focus goes to the form. However, you may want
focus to remain on the worksheet. This page describes a few simple Windows API
functions you can use to accomplish this.
10-Feb-2010 Creating Multiple Subdirectories
This page describes VBA code to create nested subfolders in a single line of code.
30-Sept-2009 Calculating Easter
This page describes how to calculate the date of Easter for a given year. Both a worksheet formula and
a VBA function are shown.
3-Sept-2009 Week Numbers In Excel
Many organizations and applications use the week number of a date for identificaiton or
organizational purposes. However, this can be problematic because there are a variety
of ways of specifying when the first day of the first week of year should fall. This page
presents a number of worksheet formulas and VBA procedures for working with various types of
18-August-2009 A Better WORKDAY Function
Excel's WORKDAY function suffers a significant shortcoming: Saturday and
Sunday are hard-coded into the function. You cannot specify other or additional days of the week. This
page provides a function that allows you to exclude any days of the week.
14-August-2009 Functions For Working With Days Of The Week
This page provides about ten functions, both as worksheet formulas and VBA functions, that works with
calculations involving days of the week.
6-June-2009 Defined Names In Worksheet And Workbooks
This page introduces Defined Names and illustrates how to use them in worksheets and workbooks.
23-April-2009 Downloading A File From The Internet
This page describes code you can use to download a file from the internet.
3-April-2009 Flexible Lookups - Alternative To VLOOKUP
Excel's VLOOKUP and HLOOKUP functions are great for simple table lookups. However, they suffer the shortcomings that
you can only search the left column, return a value only from a column to the right, and return only a single value.
The formulas on this page describe how to use any column as the search column, any column for the returned values, and
return multiple value from the table.
20-March-2009 Globally Unique Identifier Values (GUIDs)
Your application may need to create unique indentifiers to track objects or data values. If you need a
unique identifier but you don't need that identifier to contain any meaningful information beyond simply
being unique, you can use a Globally Unique Identifier or GUID. This value will be unique across all
users, all computers, and all networks. This page describes the code to create a GUID.
19-March-2009 Fractional Months
Some Excel applications need to calculate the difference between two dates as a fractional
month. This can be ambiguous because a month can have between 28 and 31 days. This page
describes formulas for working with fractional months.
17-March-2009 Merging Lists With VBA
A common task in Excel is to merges two lists into one, usually preventing duplicate entries
in the final list. This page describes the code to do just this.
1-March-2009 Playing A Sound In VBA
This page describes how to play a sound file in VBA. You can use your own sound files or you can
use one of the files supplied by Windows in the C:\Windows\Media directory.
23-February-2009 Custom Pictures On Command Bar Buttons
This page describes how to put custom images on command bar buttons and menu items. You can use either
external image files or images embedded on a worksheet.
13-February-2009 Returning Every Nth Row From A Column
This page describes how to return every Nth row from a column of data and how to use SUM and
AVERAGE on those data values.
20-January-2009 Creating Optional And Arbitrary XML Elements in an XSD Schema
This page describes how to write an XSD XML Schema to allow optional XML of any structure to be included in the
XML instance document.
18-December-2008 Creating A Table From A Column With Variable Block Sizes
This pages describes VBA code to create a table from a column of blocked data where the data blocks are of
16-December-2008 Procedure And Module Attributes For The Object Browser
You can add Attribute codes for modules and procedures that will be displayed in the Object Browser. This page
describes how to do that.
16-December-2008 Windows Clipboard
This page describes VBA code that you can use to put data in the Windows clipboard and to retrieve data out of
the Windows clipboard.
13-December-2008 FindAll XLA Add-In
This page describes the free XLA add-in named FindAll.xla that allows you to search
any number of worksheets in a workbook and display the results on a single user interface. The page links to the
20-November-2008 Table To Column Or Row
This page describes formulas you can use to transform a two-dimensional table of rows and columns into a single column
or a single row of data, in either row-by-row or column-by-column order.
11-November-2008 Column To Table
It is not an uncommon task to transform a column of data, grouped into logical blocks, into a two dimension table of rows
and columns. This page describes how to do this with formulas and with VBA code.
9-November-2008 New Page: IsArraySorted
Sorting is an expensive operation in terms of processor overhead and memory usage, and this problem only gets worse as the size
of the array increases. This page illustrates functions to test whether an array is already sorted and therefore does not
need to be sorted again.
6-November-2008 Modified CountColor and SumColor functions.
The functions CountColor and SumColor have been modified so that you can specify
a ColorIndex of 0 to indicate either xlColorIndexNone or xlColorIndexAutomatic when
counting or summing cells that have no color applied to the background Interior or to the Font. This makes the functions easier to
user because a ColorIndex value of 0 will work regardless of the value of the OfText parameter and a value of
0 is more intuitive and easier to remember than the numeric values of xlColorIndexNone or
20-Oct-2008 Get What's New Information Via RSS
You can learn what's new on the web site via an RSS feed. Point your RSS aggregator (or simply point your browser) to
19-Sept-2008 Connection To Microsoft Newsgroups
One of the best ways to get support for Excel and answers to your questions is via the Microsoft NNTP
USENET newsgroups. Often, you'll get an answer in a matter of minutes. Best of all, it is totally free.
This page describes how to connect to the Microsoft newsgroup server and provides guidelines about how
to post in a manner that maximizes the probability of getting a satisfactory answer.
15-Sept-2008 Prime Numbers And Prime Twins
This page presents a formula for testing whether a number is a Prime Twin, a Prime Number,
or not a Prime, all with a single formula.
The VBA Shell command starts an external process and immediately returns
control back to VBA. This page describes how to wait for the Shell'd process to terminate before
return control back to the caller.
4-Sept-2008 Visible And Hidden Cells
This page describes code to work with visible and hidden cells.
31-July-2008 Fractional Arithmetic
The page on Fractional Arithmetic using the DOLLAR functions and
array formulas has been re-written.
31-July-2008 Shuffling An Array To Random Order
This page describes to procedures to shuffle an array into random order.
17-May-2008 Modifying UserForms Using Windows API Functions
This page describes how to use Windows API functions to modify a UserForm. For example, you can add a Maximize and
Minimize buttons to a UserForm.
5-May-2008 A Better NETWORKDAYS
The NETWORKDAYS function works fine if your weekends or days off are Saturday and
Sunday. However, NETWORKDAYS will not work with other days of the week. This pages
describes two formulas that overcome the limitations of NETWORKDAYS.
5-May-2008 Time Zones And Daylight Time
This pages describes VBA procedures for working with time zones and daylight savings time.
15-March-2008 File Extensions And VBA Code
By default, Windows does not display file extensions in Explorer windows. That is, the file Book1.xls is
display only as Book1, without the xls extension. The value of this Windows
setting has implications in Excel VBA. This page describes how to test this setting and code appropriately.
This page describes a function named IsFileOpen which determines whether a file
is currently open by another process.
6-March-2008 Functions For Working With Colors
The old Colors page has been completely rewritten. Most functions have been improved and many new functions have been
5-January-2008 Scope Of A Variable Or Procedure
This page describes what is called the scope of variables and procedures. The scope of a variable or procedure
defines from where that variable or procedure can be accessed. Scope is discussed in the context of procedures, modules,
projects, and groups of related projects.
5-January-2008 Document Properties
This page describes a number of VBA functions that you can use to modify the BuiltIn and Custom document properties
of a workbook. It also contains code to read and modify BuiltIn and Custom properties of closed files.
4-January-2008 Tables And Lookups
This page describes a number of formulas for returning rows and columns from a table, return values based on multiple
lookups, arbitrary occurrence lookups, and closest match lookups.
24-December-2007 Get Recent File
This page describes a function named GetRecentFile that returns the name of the most recently
or least recently modified file in a specified folder. You can specify one or more file extensions to narrow the files
to be examined.
5-December-2007 Workbook Command Bar>
This is a nifty little COM Add-In written in Visual Basic 6 that creates a command bar with a button for each open workbook,
along with a 'tree-view' navigation form through which you can directly activate any visible worksheet in any visible
workbook. You can download the installation program from the page. The VB6 source code is available upon request.
6-November-2007 Returning Array From User Defined Functions
This page describes techniques to return arrays from user defined functions in VBA, COM Add-Ins, or Automation Add-Ins.
5-November-2007 DistinctValues Function
This page describes a VBA function named DistinctValues that returns an array containing
the distinct values of a range or array of values. This function may be array entered into a range of cells on a worksheet,
incorporated into an array formula, or called from other VB code independent of a worksheet.
2-November-2007 String Formulas
This page describes some worksheet formulas for working with text strings in worksheet cells.
27-October-2007 Missing References In A VBA Project
There may be times, especially when copying a workbook from one machine to another, that the references in the VBA Project
get screwed up. This page describes why that may happen and the steps you can take to remedy the problem.
26-October-2007 Finding All Occurrences On Multiple Worksheets
VBA does not provide a way to find all occurrences of a value on a single worksheet or multiple worksheets. This page contains
a VBA function named FindAll that finds all occurrences of a value on a worksheet and returns a Range
object comprised of the found cells. It also contains a function named FindAllOnWorksheets which allows
you to search for a value on any number of sheets in a workbook.
20-October-2007 String Concatenation With Ranges And Arrays
This built in CONCATENATE function is so limited that it is not a useful function. You cannot
concatenate text in arrays or ranges and you cannot use it in an array formula. This page presents a VBA functions named
StringConcat that concatenates strings in a range of cells and arrays and can be used in
array formulas to selectively create strings. You can download the code from the page.
8-October-2007 Creating An XLA Add-In
If you know how to code in VBA, you know almost everything you need to create your own XLA add-ins. This page fills in some of the
4-October-2007 New Function For Random Numbers
A new function named RandsFromRange allows you to return a specified numbers from a range on
a worksheet, in random order and with no duplicates.
29-Sept-2007 Optional Parameters To Functions In VB With ParamArray
This page discusses how to implement optional parameters and an unknown number of parameters to a VB/VBA procedure. It
illustrates the Optional keyword, the IsMissing function, and the
ParamArray type parameter.
25-Sept-2007 Creating A Function Library Automation Add-In With NET
This page describes how to create an Automation Add-In Function Library In VB NET.
23-Sept-2007 Sorting And Moving Worksheets Within A Workbook
Excel does not directly support sorting worksheets. This page contains VBA code to do this and much more, with a number of
functions for orderng worksheets within a workbook. This is a complete rewrite of the original SortWS page with much more code and
21-Sept-2007 Splitting Text Into Substrings With Multiple Delimiters
This page describes two VBA procedures that extend on VBA's Split function to allow splitting strings
based on multiple delimiters. Each delimiter can be one or more characters.
20-September-2007 Ranking Data In Lists
This page is a complete re-write of the original Rank page and provides worksheet functions for working with ranking data in
16-September-2007 Additional Registry Functions Added To The RegistryWorx DLL Component
Several new functions have been added to the RegistryWorx.dll ActiveX component. RegistryWorx is an ActiveX DLL that wraps up
all the Windows API calls for working with the System Registry into nice VB/VBA-friendly procedures.
15-September-2007 TreeView Control To Display Folders And Files
This page desribes code to create a TreeView control to list subfolders and files of a folder. The techniques described on
the page are not limited to creating a TreeView for folders and files. The code can be adapted to display any sort of
data in a TreeView control.
14-September-2007 Recursive Programming
Recursive programming is a powerful technique that can simplify otherwise complicated programming tasks. In summary, recursive programming
is when a procedure calls itself passing to itself a modified value of the original input parameter(s). This pages uses the mathematical
function Factorial to illustrate recursive programming techniques.
13-September-2007 Matrix And Vector Formulas
This page describes worksheet formulas that you can use to convert a two-dimensional range on a worksheet into a single row
of column of data, and to extract a single row or column out of a two-dimensional range. It also uses these formulas to
create a dynamic chart.
4-Sept-2007 Time-Bombing A Workbook
There may be times that you want to limit a users access to a workbook after a period time, such as when you are distributing
a trial or demonstration verison of an application. This page describes a few techniques to do this.
3-September-2007 Creating Menus For The VBA Editor
This pages describes the VBA code required to create new menu items or command bar controls for the
1-September-2007 Writing Your Own Worksheet Functions In VBA
In addition to Excel's built in functions, you can write your own custom functions in VBA and call those functions
directly from worksheet cells. This pages describes how to write User Defined Functions, including functions that can
be used to return arrays to array enter functions.
23-August-2007 COM Add-Ins In Excel 2007
This page desribes some considerations regarding COM Add-Ins in Excel 2007 and the differences between using a COM Add-In in Excel
2003 and Excel 2007.
22-August-2007 CountType VBA Function
There are few and rather limited built in Excel functions for determining what type of data is in a cell or how many cells in a range
contain a particular type of content, such as formulas, date and times, Booleans, and so on. This page describes a VBA function
named CountType that returns the count of cells in a range that are of a particular content type.
21-August-2007 Application Events In Excel.
This page is a total and complete rewrite of the original Applicaton Events page. It desribes how to trap Application
events in an existing object module such as ThisWorkbook or to trap events in a dedicated
20-August-2007 Event Programming In VBA.
This page is a total rewrite of the old Events pages. The new page is better organized and provides more information. The page consists
of a complete overview of events in general, the event object hierarchy, and complete information and examples regarding creating your
own events in your classes.
16-August-2007 Bug Fix To Ensuring Macros Are Enabled, Technique 1 (Sheet Visibility)
This page uses sheet visibility properties to render a workbook unusable if macros are not enabled.
16-August-2007 Ensuring Macros Are Enabled, Technique 2 (Errors In Formulas)
This page describes a technique to cause #VALUE errors in critical formulas if workbook is opened
with macros disabled.
12-August-2007 Creating COM Add Ins In Visual Basic
This page describes how to write a COM Add In using Visual Basic 6, including Automation libraries that can
contain functions callable directly from worksheet cells. This page is a complete rewrite of the old COM Add Ins page.
11-August-2007 Random Numbers In Excel And VBA
This page describes how to use random numbers in Excel and VBA. It includes functions to return a number of random values from a range
of numbers and to return a list of unique, non-duplicated random numbers.
10-August-2007 Automation Add Ins As Function Libraries
This page describes how to write Automation Add Ins to provide function libraries available to all users on a machine. It also describes
how to write Automation Add Ins whose functions can be called by VBA code.
10-August-2007 Installing COM And Automation Add Ins
This pages describes the steps you need to take to install a COM or Automation Add In for users that do not have administrative
privileges on their account. It describes installing the Add In for a particular user and installing for all users of a machine. This
page assumes you are somewhat familiar with the System Registry and the RegEdit Registry Editor program.
2-August-2007 Is Array Allocated VBA Function
This page describes a VBA function that can be used to test whether an array has been allocated. It works
on any sort of array with any number of dimensions, including the type of arrays returned by the
31-July-2007 RegistryWorx Registry Component
The Windows Registry can be difficult to work with using the standard Windows API
functions. This DLL component wraps up the API functions in to nice VBA-friendly
functions. It has functions to create, test, and delete registry keys and values.
The component is an ActiveX DLL written in VB6 and can be used in either VBA or VB6.
Download the RegistryWorx setup program here.
21-July-2007 Ensuring Macros Are Enabled
In complex workbooks and Excel-based applications, you may need to
require that the user has macros enabled in order to use your workbook.
There is no way to force a user to enabled macros. Instead, you can make
your workbook unusable unless macros are enabled. This page describes
how to do that.
19-July-2007 Persistent Minimums And
You can use Circular References to create formulas that will return the
minimum or maximum value that has ever occurred in a range of cells,
even if that value no longer remains in the range.
19-July-2007 Weekly Newsletter
I am pleased to announce that beginning today, I will be publishing a weekly newsletter
that will describe various formulas, VBA code snippets, and general information
about Excel, Formulas, and VBA For Excel. Subscribe here and get the newsletter
in your email.
NEW PAGE: Series Information
This page describes VBA code to get information about series of numbers, such as
present and missing blocks of numbers and the minimum and maximum gaps between
blocks of sequential numbers.
Window Class Names Of Office 2003 and 2007 Applications
This page lists the window class names of most Office 2003 and 2007
applications. These are useful if you are using the FindWindow or FindWindowEx
This pages describes how to use multiple monitors in Excel.
NEW SITE: The transformation from HTML to XHTML ASP.NET 2.0 has begun in
NEW SITE: I am starting the process of converting the entire site from
HTML to ASP.NET 2.0. This will be a months-long process to get all 200 pages
migrated Please be patient during the transition period.
This page contains about a dozen VBA procedures designed to make the MSForms
ListBox easier to use. The module includes procedures for moving sets of list
items up or down in the list box and a sorting functions.
NEW PAGE: Recursive
Procedures And The FileSystemObject
Recursive programming, in which a procedure calls itself, it a powerful
programming technique. This page describes recursive programming using the
FileSystemObject to create a directory tree listing.
IMPROVED CODE: Recycle
A File Or Folder
The code for recycling a file or folder has been completely rewritten.
NEW PAGE: Suppressing
Events In A UserForm
The Application.EnableEvents property does not apply to events of controls on a
UserForm. This pages describes simple code you can use to implement your
EnableEvents property of a form.
NEW FORMULA: Testing
Whether A Series Of Numbers Is In The Correct Order
The formula described in this section of the page determines whether a series of
numbers in a column increase or decrease by a specified interval; that is,
whether the elements in the series differ by a prescribed value.
NEW PAGE: Inserting
Procedures Name Automatically Into VBA Code
This page describe a procedure named InsertProcedureNameIntoProcedures and
supporting function that you can use to automatically insert procedure names in
to procedures with a CONST statement.
NEW PAGE: ShowAnyForm
This pages describes how to show a UserForm that is to be determined at runtime.
It utilizes the often forgotten about VBA.UserForms object and CallByName to
access a form and its controls using string variables whose values are set a run
NEW INFO: New Functions on the
To The VBA Editor page.
This page takes you step-by-step to create an Automation Add-In in Visual Basic
6 for Excel 2002 (XP) and later.
Creating Automation Add-Ins With Visual Basic 6
This page takes you step-by-step to create an Automation Add-In in Visual Basic
6 for Excel 2002 (XP) and later.
Deleting Duplicates With Advanced Filter
If you have a list of data and want to delete duplicates, you can do this with
VBA code using Advanced Filter. The function below,
DeleteDuplicatesViaFilter uses Advanced Filter to make visible only unique rows,
and then goes through and deletes the hidden rows.
Creating COM Add-Ins In VB6
This page takes you step-by-step to create a COM Add-in that supports multiple
Office applications in VB6. It also describes Automation Add-Ins, which allow
you to write functions in VB6, compiled to machine code, that can be called
directly from worksheet cells.
Creating Nested Subfolders
The VBA function MkDir allows you to only create the right-most directory in a
path specification, and all the directories on the left must already exist. The
MakeDirMulti function described on this page allows you to create a subdirectory
nested as deep as you like, and all appropriate subfolders will be created as
This page describes procedures for getting arrays of random Long integers
between a specified minimum and maximum. The page includes a function that will
return an array of integers with no duplicate entries.
Method Of Range Object In VBA
You can use VBA to find data in a range of cells using the Find method of a
Range. Unfortunately, there is no FindAll method that will return a Range object
that contains references to all the cells in which the searched-for text was
found. This page provides such a procedure. Another shortcoming of the Find
method is that it does not support wildcard strings. This page provides another
method, WildCardMatchCells, which will return a Range object referencing each
cell whose contents match the provided wildcard string. The wildcard string may
be any string that is valid to use with the Like operator.
Functions For Working With The Registry
If you need to store information from one Excel session to the next, such as
user preferences or application configuration data, you can store that data in
the System Registry. This page describes about 10 VBA functions the are
used to read and write keys and values to the System Registry. The procedures
presented here should give you full control over the registry. It is assumed
that you are familiar, at least at a conceptual level, with the system Registry.
Creating A Tree-like List Of Subfolders And Files
This page describes VBA code to create a tree-like listing of all subfolders and
files within a specified folder.
Detecting And Acting Upon Excel Shutdown
This page describes a method using a COM Add-In to detect and take action when
the Excel application is shutting down.
Daylight Savings Time
Neither Excel, VBA, nor the Windows API library provide much support for working
with Daylight Savings Time (DST) and Standard Time (STD). This page describes
several procedure that you can use to work with DST. The rules used in this code
to determine whether a date is within DST are the rules used in the USA and
Canada. European and other countries have their own rules regarding when DST
begins and ends. You can fairly easily adapt the code provided in these
procedures to use the DST rules in effect in your locale.
Inserting Cells And Filling A Series
New This page describes a VBA procedure that you can use to insert rows or cells
and fill in missing elements of a series of numbers. Suppose you have a partial
series of numbers in a range of cells. This code will detect missing
entries in the series, insert the appropriate number of rows or cells between
the existing entries in the series, and fill those cells with the appropriate
NEW INFO: New functions on
Collections And Dictionaries
Four new functions, CollectionToRange, DictionaryToRange, RangeToCollection, and
RangeToDictionary, have been added to the
Collections And Dictionaries page.
Creating An Add-In
This page describes how to create an Excel add-in.
This page contains VBA code used to delete the contents of a folder, including
all files and subfolder. The specified folder itself is not deleted. By default,
the contents of the folder are sent to the Windows Recycle Bin, but you can
specify that you want to permanently delete the contents.
Collections And Dictionaries
This page contains procedures for working with Collection and Dictionary
including sorting procedures.
Wait For File Close
If you are working in a networked environment, you may need to open and modify
data in another workbook. If that workbook is open by another user, you
will be to open it, but only in read-only mode. You won't be able to update the
workbook. This page describes code that you can use to pause your process to
wait for an open file to be closed.
A new function, IsArraySorted, has been added to the ArraySupport library. It
returns True or False indicating whether an array is sorted, in either ascending
(the default) or descending order. Since sorting is an expensive operation,
especially so with large arrays of Variants or Strings, you can call
IsArraySorted to determine whether a Sort operation is really required.
Cloning A Folder
This page describes code that will make a copy of a folder, including all files
and subfolder within the source folder. All files and subfolders of the source
folder are copied to the destination folder, and the subfolder hierarchy
(subfolders within subfolder within subfolders) is preserved in the destination
The State Of The Shift, CTRL, and ALT Keys
This pages contains 3 VBA functions to test whether the SHIFT, CTRL, or ALT keys
are pressed. For each key, you can test whether only the Left, only the Right,
either the Left or Right, or both the Left and Right keys are pressed.
This add-in is a front end to both the PKZip and WinZip programs. It allows you
to save as a zip file any open workbook. It does not alter the existing workbook
in any way. You must have either PKZip or WinZip installed on your machine.
ChangeBoundsOfArray, TransposeArray and VectorsToArray
Three new functions, ChangeBoundsOfArray, TransposeArray and VectorsToArray,
have been added to the
Array Procedures page.
Converting Between Local Time And GMT And Date Formats
There is no built-in way in VBA or Excel to convert between local time and
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT, also called UTC or Zulu Time). This pages describes
methods to convert times between local and GMT, as well as to convert between
the various time formats used by VBA and Windows. You can download a bas code
module or a complete workbook that contains the conversion procedures.
Activating Excel From Other Programs
If you are doing cross-application program (such as automating Excel from a Word
document or template, you may find it useful for the user's convenience to
activate Excel and set keyboard focus to the active sheet. The AppActivate
statement is not entirely reliable. It sometimes properly activates an
application, but sometimes returns an error. It also requires that you know the
window's caption prior to calling AppActivate. The procedure on this page uses a
few Windows API calls to reliably activate Excel and set keyboard focus to the
Getting and Setting File Times
This page describes two functions, GetFileDateTime and SetFileDateTime that can
be used to retrieve or set the Create Date, Last Access Date, or Last Modified
Date of a file. These functions are VBA-friendly wrapper functions for the
GetFileTime and SetFileTime Windows API functions. GetFileDateTime and
SetFileDateTime handle the date format conversions and the translations to and
from local time to GMT Time.
Calling Worksheet Functions In VBA
This page describes using Excel worksheet functions in VBA.
Truly Global Variables In Excel
This page describes a method to create truly global variables in Excel,
variables that will retain their values and remain accessible from any workbook,
regardless of any workbooks that may be opened or closed, including the workbook
that created the variable. These numeric variables (Long type values)
exist as long as the Excel application remains running.
Sorting Arrays Of Objects
This pages describes the QSortObjectsInPlace function which can sort an array of
object variables (any type of object) in either ascending or descending order.
You must provide the function that determines whether one object is "less than"
or "greater than" another object. An example of this function can be found on
NEW PAGE: Detecting
Scrolling In A Worksheet Window
Excel provides no method or event you can use to detect when the user scrolls in
a worksheet window. This page describes a technique for detecting scrolling in a
NEW PAGE: Passing
Arrays To And From Procedures
This pages describes how to pass arrays between procedures and how to use arrays
as the result of Function procedures.
NEW PAGE: Working
With Temporary Files
If your application needs to create temporary files, you need to ensure that the
file name is unique. This page contains procedures for working with the
folder designated for temporary files for the current user and for creating
temporary file names. The code on this page contains two procedures. The first
procedure, GetTempFolderName , returns the name of the folder that is designated
for temporary files for the current user. It does not name or create a new
folder. Instead, it returns the name of the folder that the system has specified
for current user to store temporary files. The second procedure on this page,
GetTempFile , is used to get a filename that is guaranteed to be unique within
the folder in which it is created.
Getting The Names Of User-Specific Special Folders
On an operating system that supports multiple user accounts (such as Windows
2000 or Windows XP), each user of the system has his own data folder, called the
UserProfileDirectory, that contains a user's special folders like My Document,
Recent Files, and the Desktop. The exact folder name for these folders is
different for each user. If your application is opening or saving
files in locations like My Documents or Application Data, you need to retrieve
the correct folder for the current user. This page describes two
functions, F_7_AB_1_UserProfileFolder and F_7_AB_1_GetSpecialFolder, that
can be used to retrieve the specific folders for the current user.
Importing Large Files Into Excel
An Excel (2003 and earlier) worksheet can contain 65,536 rows of data. If you
attempt to import a text or csv file that has more records that Excel has rows,
you will only be able to import the first 64K records from your file. The page
contains a procedure that will import text or CSV files of any size. It will
create new worksheets as needed to successfully import the data file, regardless
of the number of rows.
Connected And Disconnected Object Variables
An object type variable may become disconnected from its target reference if
that target reference is destroyed. In this case, the variable is not set to
Nothing. This page contains a procedure you can use to determine whether an
object variable is connected to a valid object. Using this test will prevent
automation errors in your code due to deleted objects like worksheets or shapes.
A new function, ShortenTextToChars, has been added to the
SizeString page. This function is a VBA-friendly wrapper function to the
Windows API function PathCompactPathEx. This function will take a
fully-qualified file name and return a truncated version, replacing folder name
componenets with "..." to size the file name to a specified number of
Sorting An Array
Unfortunately, VBA does not have a built in method for sorting an array. This
pages contains a procedure called QSortInPlace that will sort an array of either
string or numeric data, in either ascending or descending order.
Getting the DLL Name Of A COM AddIn
Neither VBA nor Excel (or any Office application) provide a way to get the DLL
file name of a COM Add-In. This page contains a procedure DLLOfComAddin that
will return the fully-qualified file name of the DLL file of a specified COM
This page contains two procedures, ShellAndWaitSimple and ShellAndWaitEnhanced,
that allow you to pause your VBA code until a Shell'd program ends.
ShellAndWaitEnhanced allows you to display status messages to the user as the
shell'd program runs. An
example workbook contains the fully documented code.
This page contains a few VBA procedures for working with VBA Arrays.
Working With Fixed Length Strings
This page contains a few VBA procedures for working with fixed length strings.
NEW PAGE AND DOWNLOAD:
PowerPoint Slide And Shape Renamer
In PowerPoint, there is no way in the User Interface to assign names to Slides
and Shapes. Both Slides and Shapes support a Name property, but PowerPoint
provides no mechanism to assign these names. You must use code. The PowerPoint
Renamer COM Add-In provides a method to assign names to Slides and Shapes.
Keyboard Shortcut To Formula Bar
Depending on your option settings, you may not have a keyboard shortcut to set
focus to the Formula Bar. This pages describes a method to create a keyboard
shortcut to the Formula Bar.
Programming To The VBA Editor
When you use VBA code to write VBA code, the VBA Editor will display itself.
Generally, this is undesirable. This section describes how to use Windows API
calls to prevent any screen flickering.
Moving A Form With A Window
Normally, a modeless userform (Excel 2000 and later) floats above, and
independently of, the Excel application window and the worksheet windows. This
means that when you move the application window or a sheet window, the form does
not move with the window; it stays in its original location on the screen. You
can use a series of Windows system calls to set the form as a "child" window to
the worksheet window. When you do this, the form will move along with the
application window and the sheet window.
You may find that your application should close a file if there has been no user
activity on that workbook for a specified period of time. That is, if the user
hasn't accessed the open workbook for so many minutes, save and close the
workbook. This can be achieved using
procedures and the
This page is an introduction to class modules.
This page introduces the use of Enum data types in VBA.
This page describes the basics of error handling in VBA code.
Some users have expressed a need for blinking text. Excel doesn't natively
support blinking text, but you can make a cell's text blink by using the
If you use Userforms in VBA, you almost certainly use the TextBox control.
Unfortunately, there is no property that allows you to restrict entry to certain
characters, such as numeric only. This page describes some VBA code that
restricts data entry to numeric (and supporting) characters only.
Defined Name Shortcut Key
Excel provides many shortcut keys, but one that is sorely lacking is a shortcut
Defined Name box on the formula bar. You can use the macro on this page,
assigned to a
keystroke, to get directly to the name box.
This pages includes a formula and a VBA function to work with feet and inches in
This pages includes a macro to count the number of words in worksheet.
Browse For Folder
This page describes two methods to display a "browse for folder" dialog to the
Diagnosing Startup Problems In Excel
Occasionally, you may encounter errors when starting Excel that make it
difficult or impossible to continue working. This page describes steps you
can take to diagnose and fix errors that occur when Excel starts up.
Declaring Variables In VBA
This page describes the reasons that you should always use Option Explicit in
your VBA code modules.
If you use defined names in your workbooks, you have probably been frustrated by
the fact that the Name dropdown box just isn't wide enough to fully display the
names. This page describes some code you can use to increase the width of the
defined name dropdown box.
Debugging VBA Code
This page provides an introduction to the debugging and diagnostic tools
available in VBA.
While a long procedure is executing, it is often desirable to indicate the
progress to the user. The simplest way is to use the Excel's Status Bar area to
display text messages, but if you want a graphical representation, you can use
the ProgressReporter library described here. ProgressReporter will display
a simple window in Excel, and update a simple bar graph to display your
procedures progress. Of course, you'll have to tell ProgressAlerter how
far along you are in your procedure.
Download the DLL here.
The GetInfo function, written in VBA, allows you to retrieve nearly any property
of any object in the Excel object model directly from a worksheet cell.
Using this one function, you can eliminate dozens of custom UDFs to get
application and object properties.
This add-in allows you to see the characters and their codes in a cell. This
makes it easy to find unprintable characters such as tabs that don't display but
may affect formulas.
Excel typically displays forms in the center of the screen. This is
usually fine for data entry and dialog forms. However, in many cases it is
desirable to display a form in relation to a specific cell. This is not a
simple a task as it seems because the top and left coordinates of a UserForm
based on the same coordinate system as the Top and Left coordinates of a cell.
To properly calculate the Top and Left coordinates of a UserForm, you have to
take in to account the window state (normal or maximized) of the Excel
application window, and the Workbook window, and their relative positions, in
addition to whether the formula bar is visible, what command bars are displayed,
and how they are positioned. Needless to say, these calculation can
get rather complicated. Fortunately, I've done the work for you.
The best way to display diagnostic messages to users and developers. Overcomes
the limitations of MsgBox, Debug.Print, and Application.Statusbar.
Recommended for intermediate and advanced developers.
Using Windows Timers
The most common way of scheduling procedures or creating timers is to use
Excel's OnTime method. You can get more precise timers using Windows API
First And Last Weekdays Of A Month
New formulas for returning the first and last weekdays of a month, given a date.
User License Agreement Questions
The End User License Agreement (EULA) is the contract between you and Microsoft
that governs how you may use Office. This page answer a number of frequent
questions about your EULA.
New sections on this page illustrate how to sort worksheets in custom order, and
how to group sheets by tab color (Excel 2002 and later only).
If you have color-code cells in your worksheet, you find that at times it is
useful to sort rows by the colors of the cells. That is, sort all the reds
at the top, followed by the blues, followed by the yellows, and so on.
Unfortunately, Excel provides no such tool. You have to do it manually.
This page describes how to do it.
This page describes the
RowLiner add-in, which allows you to display row and column lines on a
This page describes the VBA code to send a file to the recycle bin.
This page has three downloadable workbooks, listing the Excel keyboard
shortcuts, VBA Editor keyboard shortcuts, and the ALT key menu accelerator
Default Property Of A Class
This page describes how you can specify a property of a class to be the default
property -- that is, the property that the compiler uses if a property is not
specified in code. When you have specified a property as the default, you can
write code like MyObject = 123 rather than MyObject.Value = 123.
Merging Maps In MapPoint 2002 (zip file)
This isn't related to Excel, but might be useful to users of MapPoint 2002.
These modules can be executed in any application that executes VBA. It will
merge the routes from any number of MapPoint maps in to a single "master" map.
The VBA is fully documented, and self explanatory. This project started
when I took an 8 day driving trip through New Mexico and Colorado. I had 8
individual maps, one for each day, and wanted to merge them in to a single
"master map". MapPoint doesn't support this directly, so I wrote VBA code to do
it myself. MapPoint doesn't support VBA, so this code must be run in any
"host" application that supports VBA (such as Excel or Word).
I would like to thank Eric Frost and Gilles Kohl (MapPoint MVPs) for support
code and guidance. If you are interested in MapPoint, take a visit to
MP2KMag - The Magazine For MapPoint.
Conditional Formatting Colors
Unfortunately, the Color and ColorIndex properties of a Range don't return the
color of a cell that is displayed if Conditional formatting is applied to the
cell. Nor does it allow you to determine whether a conditional format is
currently in effect for a cell. In order to determine these, you need code that
will test the format conditions. This page describes three VBA functions that
will do this for you.
Document Properties From Closed Workbooks
This new section on the
Document Properties page describes how to read properties such as Author,
Company, and so on from files that are not open. This technique works for
any OLE Structured Storage file, such as Word documents, PowerPoint
presentations, and so on, not just Excel workbooks.
NEW INFO: Closest
This new section on the
page describes a technique using array to find closest matches in a list, even
when the list is not in sorted order.
NEW INFO: Arbitrary
This new section on the
page describes a technique using array formulas to look up data corresponding an
arbitrary occurrence of a value in a list. Using this technique, you are not
subject to the limitation that VLOOKUP imposes by always looking up the first
This download illustrates how to create and manipulate Shape objects on a
worksheet to create an analog clock that ticks every second.
This page describes some formulas for looking up data when VLOOKUP won't work.
Keys For The VBA Editor
This zip file (6 KB) contains a workbook which lists all of the keyboard
shortcuts available in the VBA Editor. I think it is complete. If you find
that I've missed something, send me an email. For a list of keyboard shortcuts
within Excel, download
This page describes some of the differences between the various versions of
NEW INFO: Copying
Modules Between VBA Projects
A new section in the
To The VBE page describes how to programmatically copy modules (classes,
userforms, and classes) between VBA Projects.
NEW PAGE: Ordinal
Numbers In Excel
Ordinal numbers are those which indicate order in a series, such as 1st or 2nd
or 3rd. This page describes how to create those suffixes with either a worksheet
formula or a VBA function.
NEW DOWNLOAD: Sample
COM Add-In For Office 2000 Developer
This download has a sample COM Add-In written for Excel in Office 2000 Developer
Edition. It illustrates the basic programming for a COM Add-In, including
how to write menu controls, how to handle modeless forms and how to make
functions in the COM Add-In available to worksheet cells (via VBA code).
The actual download doesn't really do anything, so it will be of interested only
to those who want to write COM Add-Ins. You must have the Developer
Edition of Office 2000 to view the code.
NEW PAGE: Cell
Values And Displayed Text
When you are working in Excel, either with formulas or with Visual Basic For
Applications (VBA) code, it is important to understand the difference
between the actual value of a cell and what is displayed on the screen. The
actual value of the cell is what Excel stores internally and what it uses in
formulas and calculations. This is not necessarily the same as what you
see displayed on the screen or printed on your reports. It is important
that you understand the difference between the two -- otherwise, your formulas
may not work as expected.
NEW DOWNLOAD: Symbolizer.DLL
This COM Add-In will display a form that allows you to view and insert
special symbols such as currency symbols into your workbook. It works much
like the "Insert Symbol" tool in Microsoft Word. (16KB). This will work
only in Excel 2000 or XP. It will not work in any other version of Excel.
NEW INFO: Exporting And Deleting All VBA In A Project
Two new procedures have been added to the
To The VBE page. These procedures will export of existing VBA code to
text files, and will delete all VBA code in a project.
NEW PAGE: Time
Zones In VBA
Excel and VBA do not provide a direct way to work with either Time Zones or
Daylight Savings Time. This page describes how to read this information
from Windows. Also, you can download a workbook containing a class module
which simplifies all of the Windows API calls, allowing you to access a few
NEW PAGE: Tools
This page contains descriptions and links to the "must have" tools for Excel
users and developers. These are tools written by others, which I use every
day. All are free to download and use.
NEW PAGE: Using
Variables (Properly) In VBA
This page describes the "do's and don'ts" of declaring variables and objects in
VBA code, in order to make your code as efficient and solid as possible.
I wrote this game several months ago. It is similar to a game called
"Black Box" that I used to play in Junior High. You try to find targets by
shooting paths into a grid, and watching whether those paths hit the targets,
exit out of the grid, or are reflected back to their original cell.
Complete details are in the
Additional Resources For Excel Users
This page describes additional resources where Excel users and VBA programmers
can find more detailed technical information.
NEW DOWNLOAD: Compare.XLA
This add-in, written by Myrna Larson and Bill Manville, allows you to compare
the contents of two workbooks.
NEW PAGE: Special
Characters In Excel
Using a typical computer keyboard, you can directly type in approximately 94
different characters, such as letters and number other symbols like punctuation
marks. However, there are many other symbols available. In a typical
font such as Arial, there are some 200 different symbols available, including
the British Pound sign �, the Euro Currency symbol �, and the copyright mark �.
These symbols cannot be directly entered with a single key on a typical (US)
keyboard. This page describes how to work with these special characters in
Excel. You can download an add-in file that makes it easy to view and
insert symbols, even if you don't know the code numbers.
NEW PAGE: Progressive
Pricing Formulas In Excel
In many business, especially manufacturing and wholesaling, the unit price of an
item may determined by the number of units purchased. A widget may cost
$2.00 when 1 to 9 are purchased, but may cost $1.50 when between 10 and 99 are
purchased, and so on, with greater discounts given to larger quantities.
There are two methods to determine the total cost of the order. The
simpler is when the the unit price is the same for all units in the order, and
depends only on the number of units ordered. For example, this would be
the case if 50 widgets were purchased each at $1.50, where the $1.50 unit cost
came as a result of the total quantity of 50. Here, the unit cost can be
determined by a simple VLOOKUP function (as will be shown later), and the total
cost of the order is simply unit-cost times quantity, or $1.50 * 50 = $75.00.
However, it becomes more difficult when the unit price is distributed across the
order. For example, suppose that in a order of 50 widgets, the first 9 are
priced at $2.00, and the remaining 41 are priced at $1.50. In this
example, there is no single unit cost. The total cost of the order is
($2.00 * 9) + ($1.50 * 41) = $79.50. While it is simple enough to do
this example by hand, it becomes more complicated when there are a large number
of quantity ranges, each with a different unit price.
This page describes formulas for Excel that can be used to determine these
costs. We'll call the first method "Bracket Pricing", in which the total
order is based on a single unit-cost, and we'll call the second method
"Progressive Pricing" in which the price of each unit sold is based on where it
falls into various "quantity intervals".
15-Mar-2000 NEW PAGE: Sorting
Worksheets In A Workbook
In some applications, it may be useful to have the worksheets in alphabetical
order. For example, if you have a worksheet for each employee on a team
and each employee has their own worksheet, you may want these sheets in
alphabetical order. You could do this manually, but if you have more than a few
sheets, it would be easier to automate the task. Excel does not have
a built in tool to do this, but you can use some fairly simple VBA code
Banding With Conditional Formatting
You can use the Conditional Formatting tool in Excel97 and 2000 to make your
worksheets look like accounting ledgers or computer "green bar" paper, with
alternating bands of colors. By using Conditional Formatting rather
than manually formatting the cells, the color bars will remain intact after you
sort a worksheet range.
Numbers Some business applications use week numbers to categorize
dates. For example, a business may report sales amounts by week, and
identify each period as "9912", representing the 12th week of 1999. While
this may be convenient in some applications, you need to be careful when using
week numbers. When does week 1 start? On the first day of the year?
As the first full 7 day week of the year? The first week having more than 3
days? Moreover, what day does a week begin on? Sunday or Monday?
This page describes both worksheet formulas and VBA functions for working with
Scheduling Procedures With OnTime: You may need to design your Excel
workbooks to run a procedure periodically, and automatically. For example,
you may want to refresh data from a data base source every few minutes.
Using VBA, you can call upon the OnTime method of the Excel Application object
to instruct Excel to run a procedure at a given time. By
writing your code to call the OnTime method by itself, you can have VBA code
automatically execute on a periodic basis.
page describes the VBA procedures for doing this.
REORGANIZED PAGES: The
And Times pages are the most popular pages on the web site.
Accordingly, I've reorganized the Date And Time information. The
And Times page is still the central source, but it has many more links and a
mini table of contents, specifically for date and time information.
GAMES!: Microsoft MVP David Hager has made two Excel-based games available
to the masses. See the
page for more info!
NEW FORMAT: Another formatting change for the site. This one will
take weeks (months) to take place, as each page is changed one by one.
Until it is complete, you'll see some color and format mismatches from one page
to the next. Please be patient.
NEW PAGE: A new page called
Distributed Dates . Often, Excel is used as a platform for scheduling
applications. You may need to determine how many working days in an
interval fall in each month or year in that interval. This page shows you
how! For example, if a project starts on 19-Jan and ends on 8-June,
these formulas will determine how many working days fall into each month.
NEW DOWNLOAD: A new downloadable file (10 KB zipped) that has all the
formulas and data used on the
Distributed Dates page.
NEW DOWNLOAD: A new downloadable file (8 KB zipped) that has all the
formulas and data used on the
Working With Overtime Hours page.
NEW PAGE: A new
Interactive page illustrating the formulas and data on the
Working With Overtime Hours page. Web-based interactive pages use the
Spreadsheet Office Web Component, and can only be used by people with
If you don't have Excel2000 and IE4.01 (or above), you won't be able to use this
NEW DOWNLOAD: A new
downloadable file (16KB zipped) that has all the formulas and data used on
Ranking Data In Lists page.
NEW PAGE: A new page called
Data In Lists. People often use Excel to store lists of data which
need to be ranked. For example, you may use Excel to store information
about your bowling team, and you want to determine the ranks for players and
scores. Excel provides a worksheet function called RANK to do some fairly
simple ranking, but this function has some limitations. This page
describes some more advanced formulas for ranking data.
UPDATE: Nothing new, but no problems! The Y2K event was a non-event.
Have you had problems with Y2K issues in Excel?
Let me know!
facility is working again. I'm using a third party indexing service, so
you'll have to put up with a banner ad at the top and bottom of the results
page, but you can live with that, can't you?
NEW PAGE: Who are the readers? The
Stats page tells you about who you guys and gals are, and where you come
NEW PAGE: A new
Working With Overtime Hours In Timesheets page describing a number of
formulas for working with regular and overtime hours in worksheets, including
excluding time taken for meal breaks. This is a frequent task in Excel,
and this page brings together in one example many of the other formulas found in
the date and time related pages.
NEW PAGE: A new page called
And Centering On Cells. You can use the Zoom and Center procedures to make
selected data more visible to users. The
ZoomToRange procedure will zoom the screen so that a specified range of
cells fills the entire screen. The
CenterOnCell procedure will scroll the screen to that a specified range or
cell is at the center of the screen.
NEW PAGE: Excel does not have any built-in worksheet functions for
working with the colors of cells or fonts. If you want to read or test the
color of a cell, you have to use VBA procedure. The
page describes several functions for counting and summing cells based on the
color of the font or background.
NEW INFO: A new formula on the
Dates And Times page to return the date of the Nth Day-Of-Week of a given
year. For example,
the formula will return 11-April-2001 for the 15th Wednesday of the year
NEW PAGE: More
Pictures of your favorite MVPs from the 1999 MVP Summit.
Pictures of your favorite MVPs from the 1999 MVP Summit in Seattle,
NEW TOPIC: A new section on the
Working With Lists page to return the most or least frequently occurring
value in a range.
NEW TOPIC: A new section on the
Dates And Times page describes a formula to determine the number of working
days and hours between two dates and times, counting only hours during the work
day. For example, suppose a project starts on Monday, 25-October-99 at
13:00 and ends on Thursday, 28-Oct-99 at 15:00, and that your normal working
hours are 9:00 to 17:00. In this case, there are 3 days and 2 hours
between the start and end times (2 full days, Tuesday and Wednesday, plus 4
hours on Monday and 6 hours on Thursday, for 2 days and 10 hours, or, since
there are 8 hours in a workday, 3 days and 2 hours). See
Working Days And Hours Between Two Date-Times for details.
NEW PAGE: The
Referencing Worksheets From Formulas page describes some VBA procedure that
you can use to refer to the first, next, previous, or last worksheet in a
workbook. These functions are intended to be called directly from
worksheet cell, not from other VBA procedures. Because they make use of
the Application.Caller property, they will not work unless they are called
directly from worksheet cells.
NEW PAGE: The
Excel page is an introduction to creating menu items in Excel, both
manually and with
Menu Items To VBE (Visual Basic Editor) isn't as easy as it is with standard
Excel toolbars. You've got to do everything though code, including using a
class module. This page describes the procedures for adding your own menu
items to the VBE menus. You can also
a workbook containing these procedures.
NEW PAGE: A new
Parsing Telephone Numbers page. A frequent task in Excel is to
split full telephone numbers into the area code, local number, and extension
components. This page describes VBA procedures to do this.
NEW PAGE: A new page called
UnSelecting Cells Or Areas describes the two VBA procedures that you can use
to remove a single cell or an area from a non-contiguous selection.
Suppose you have selected A1, A3, A5, and A7, and you want to remove A5 from the
selection. These procedure can do this for you.
NEW INFO: Several new
procedures were added to the
NEW PAGE: A new page called
With Lists describes a number of formulas for using SUM, MIN, MAX, and
AVERAGE functions to ignore zero values, or negative values, or values that fall
outside of an interval. Also included are formulas to reverse the order of
a column or row, and to transpose a column or row.
NEW PAGE: I've added a new page on
Conditional Formatting that describes how to use this powerful tool, and how
to use formulas with it.
NEW PAGE: The
Direct Connection To MSNEWS page describes why it is advantageous to connect
directly to the MSNEWS server when reading and posting to the MS Excel
newsgroups. This page was written by Len Meads and appears on my site with
his kind permission.
NEW INFO: I added support for the NETWORKDAYS function in the formulas on the Date
NEW PAGE: First
And Last Names A frequent task in Excel is to split full names into the
first-name, last-name, and middle-name components. This page describes
both worksheet formulas and VBA procedures to do this.
NEW PAGE: The first of the Interactive pages has been added. If you are
using Internet Explorer version 4 or later, and you have an Office 2000 program
installed on you machine, you can see the
Date Interval formulas in action. Enter your dates into the
spreadsheet, and see the result right in your browser. From this page, to
restore the default data and formulas, hold down your CTRL and SHIFT keys, and
click the REFRESH button on your browser.
NEW PAGE: More date related stuff. This time,
Dates, which has formulas for working with Julian Dates, including
converting to and from standard Excel dates, and adding days to Julian dates.
Also includes VBA functions for working with Julian dates.
NEW PAGE: A new page called
Status Bar, which has a few quick tips about working with the Excel status
bar from VBA, including how to clear your message from it after a given amount
of time (a nice way to get rid of "We're Done" message after a few seconds).
NEW PAGE: A new page called
Date Intervals, which has several formulas regarding dates and date
intervals. Specifically, it address the questions of whether a date falls
within an interval, the number of days that two intervals overlap, and the how
many days are in one interval, excluding those days in another interval.
One frequent responder to the newsgroups once wrote that I was "obsessed" with
Excel dates and times. I guess that I can't disagree.
NEW PAGE: A new page called
To The VBE describes some of the objects and their methods and properties
for working directly with modules and VBA code via VBA code. This pages
describes some methods to add or delete modules or procedures in modules.
NEW PAGE: A new page called
Case describes the VBA procedures to change a range of cells to upper or
lower case, and how to change the case automatically as the data is entered.
NEW TOPIC: A new topic called "Replacing
Duplicate Values" has been added to the
Duplicates page. This VBA procedure allows you to replace duplicate entries
in a grouped list with a blank value, or any other value. It does not
delete the actual cells, only replaces their contents.
NEW PAGE: The
INDIRECT function is more useful than the Help files lets on. This page
describes how to use this under-appreciated function.
NEW PAGE: I've added a new page called
Modules And Code Names, which describes the different types of code modules
in Excel VBA, and where you should and should not put VBA code. The
CodeName property and its use (and misuse) is also discussed.
NEW SECTION: I'm adding a whole new
Interactive section that will allow you see some of the formulas on the web
site in action. You can enter in your own data, and watch the formulas do their
magic. All inside your browser. These pages require Excel2000 and
Internet Explorer Version 4 or later (because they use the Spreadsheet control,
which must exist on your computer). I don't know if they'll work with
Netscape or AOL browsers. Additional pages will be added to the
Interactive section over time.
NEW PAGE: The =EXCEL web site now has a
capability. From this page, you can search the entire site for a word or
phrase. Remember, though, that this is a text search, so searching for a
word like "date" will bring up lots of matches. You may want to consult
Index page before going for a search.
NEW FORMAT: A few new formulas and procedures in the
And Time page and the
Deleting Rows page.
NEW FORMAT: I've dumped the "frames" layout, and gone back to a
simple collection of pages with shared borders. This makes it easier to go
directly to specific page.
NEW SITE: The =EXCEL site now has its own home on the internet!
www.cpearson.com or go directly to the
Excel stuff at www.cpearson.com/excel
NEW PAGE: I've added a new page about
Fractional Arithmetic, which is what you want to use when working with
values, like feet and inches, that aren't in standard decimal fractions.
NEW INFO: More example code added to the
Document Properties page. Also, new macro for
Importing Text Files to prompt the user for the file name and delimiter
character. Changed some script stuff to fix problems with Netscrape
browsers. Lots of minor things updated.
NEW DOWNLOAD: I've added a new Excel97 workbook, StockWeb, that
illustrates using Excel to download stock price information from the Web.
NEW PAGE: I've added a new page with some information about getting
for Excel. Experienced Excel users already know all this (newsgroups, the
KB, etc), but new users may find it useful. Also, some minor housekeeping
things (new default font).
NEW PAGE: Several have asked, and now it is available to the masses.
the hell is Chip?
NEW PAGE: I've added a new page that describes the VBA procedures
for working with the Built-In and Custom
document property collections. Also, some minor housekeeping things.
NEW INFO: I've greatly simplified the formulas on the
NEW LINKS: I've added several new links to the
page. Nothing relating to Excel, just to the absolutely best sites in the
FORMAT CHANGES: I've gotten rid of the last of the graphics and Java
classes. Sure, they looked cute, but they made the pages load slowly.
Almost everything is now strictly text-only. You want cute? Go to the Disney
NEW PAGE: A new page on
Date And Time Entry, which describes the VBA procedures to allow you to
enter dates or times without the separators. For example, you can enter
122598 to get the valid date 25-Dec-1998, or 1234 to get the valid time
12:34:00. Works only in Excel97 and above.
NEW PAGE: I've added a
that describes how to use Data Validation (Excel97 only) to prevent the user
from entering duplicate entries in a range of cells.
NEW INFO: I've added a VBA procedure to export the selected cells to
a text file. The cells values may be delimited by any character. This
procedure is in the
Export section of the
Importing Text Files page.
NEW PAGE: An
Introduction To Pivot Tables. This page was written by Harald
Staff, our Norwegian correspondent.
NEW PAGE: I've added a page about
Headers And Footers, which describes the VBA code to create customized
headers and footers for your worksheets.
NEW PAGE: I've added a page called
Importing Text Files, that describes the VBA code necessary to import a text
file directly into the active worksheet, beginning at the current cursor
position. The values in the imported file may be delimited by any
NEW PAGE: A rather extensive page about
Rounding Errors In Excel97, which describes the two most common types of
perceived errors in Excel: displayed versus actual values, and
approximation of rational numbers in IEEE double precision floating point
variables. The IEEE standard is described at the bit level.
NEW FILES: Two new files added to
Downloads page. 1)
EventSeq.xls, which demonstrates the sequence all of the events in
Reader.xls, which will read your cell data (numeric and dates only) back to
you through your sound card. Includes all sound files. All sound
files must be stored in the same directory folder as the workbook.
Opening this workbook will create a "Reader" entry on your "Tools" menu.
Yes, that's my voice reading the data.
NEW FORMAT: Navigation Hover-buttons at the bottom of each page have been
removed. (They caused some problems for some Netscape users.)
Replaced with clickable image map. The pages load alot quicker, too!
NEW FORMAT: I've change the internal organization of the site.
NEW PAGE: I've written a rather substantial page on
Procedures In Excel97.
NEW PAGE: I've added a new page called "Articles"
from which you can download Word97 and RTF formats documents of some of my
NEW INFO: Additional methods for extracting words from strings, with
NEW INFO: 1) Logical operations (OR, XOR, NAND) with
formulas. 2) Using
dates in Range.Find method.
NEW FORMAT: Changed site layout for Frames. Still working out a few bugs.
NEW PAGE: Added
IFs page, about how to overcome the limit on nested function in
This page last modified: 3-September-2011